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Visual field maps and stimulus selectivity in human ventral occipital cortex

A Corrigendum to this article was published on 01 October 2005

Abstract

Human visual cortex is organized into distinct visual field maps whose locations and properties provide important information about visual computations. There are two conflicting models of the organization and computational role of ventral occipital visual field maps. We report new functional MRI measurements that test these models. We also present the first coordinated measurements of visual field maps and stimulus responsivity to color, objects and faces in ventral occipital cortex. These measurements support a model that includes a hemifield map, hV4, adjacent to the central field representation of ventral V3. In addition, the measurements demonstrate a cluster of visual field maps in ventral occipital cortex (VO cluster) anterior to hV4. We describe the organization and stimulus responsivity of two new hemifield maps, VO-1 and VO-2, within this cluster. The maps and stimulus responsivity support a general organization of visual cortex based on clusters of maps that serve distinct computational functions.

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Figure 1: Ventral occipital visual field map models.
Figure 2: The data support the hV4 model.
Figure 3: The VO cluster.
Figure 4: The definitions of VO-1 and VO-2.
Figure 5: Additional examples of hV4, VO-1 and VO-2.
Figure 6: Stimulus selectivity measurement locations.
Figure 7: Stimulus selectivity measurements.
Figure 8: Summary of hV4, VO-1 and VO-2 field map properties.

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Acknowledgements

Supported by National Eye Institute RO1 EY03164 and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke 5 F30 NS44759.

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Correspondence to Alyssa A Brewer.

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Supplementary information

Supplementary Figure 1

Spatial distribution of color, face and object responses in relation to visual field maps. (PDF 729 kb)

Supplementary Table 1

Visual field map sizes. (PDF 79 kb)

Supplementary Table 2

Talairach coordinates of visual field maps hV4, VO-1, and VO-2. (PDF 73 kb)

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Brewer, A., Liu, J., Wade, A. et al. Visual field maps and stimulus selectivity in human ventral occipital cortex. Nat Neurosci 8, 1102–1109 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1038/nn1507

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