The contrast sensitivity function (CSF) is routinely assessed in clinical evaluation of vision and is the primary limiting factor in how well one sees. CSF improvements are typically brought about by correction of the optics of the eye with eyeglasses, contact lenses or surgery. We found that the very act of action video game playing also enhanced contrast sensitivity, providing a complementary route to eyesight improvement.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $17.42 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Campbell, F.W. Behav. Brain Res. 10, 87–97 (1983).
Sekuler, R. & Sekuler, A.B. Visual perception and cognition. in Oxford Textbook of Geriatric Medicine (eds. Evans, J.G., Williams, T.F., Beattie, B.L., Michel, J.-P. & Wilcock, G.K.) 874–880 (Oxford University Press, New York, 2000).
Weale, R.A. The Senescence of Human Vision (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992).
Fahle, M. & Poggio, T. Perceptual Learning (MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 2002).
Yu, C., Klein, S.A. & Levi, D.M. J. Vis. 4, 169–182 (2004).
Adini, Y., Sagi, D. & Tsodyks, M Nature 415, 790–793 (2002).
Maehara, G. & Goryo, K. Percept. Psychophys. 69, 1009–1021 (2007).
Sowden, P.T., Davies, I.R. & Roling, P. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 26, 379–390 (2000).
Sowden, P.T., Rose, D. & Davies, I.R. Vision Res. 42, 1249–1258 (2002).
Mayer, M.J. Vision Res. 23, 547–550 (1983).
Polat, U. & Sagi, D. Vision Res. 33, 993–999 (1993).
Fiser, J., Bex, P.J. & Makous, W. Vision Res. 43, 2637–2648 (2003).
Patching, G.R. & Jordan, T.R. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 46, 2219–2224 (2005).
Gilbert, C.D., Sigman, M. & Crist, R.E. Neuron 31, 681–697 (2001).
Achtman, R.L., Green, C.S. & Bavelier, D. Restor. Neurol. Neurosci. 26, 435–446 (2008).
We thank C.S. Green for his invaluable help and advice throughout this project, and A. Anderson, S. Bailey, A. Katz, M. Maciejewski, A. States, P. Santos and B. Hubert-Wallander for their help in running the training studies. This work was supported in part by grants from the US National Institutes of Health (EY016880), the James S. McDonnell Foundation and the Office of Naval Research to D.B. and the Israel Science Foundation to U.P.
About this article
Cite this article
Li, R., Polat, U., Makous, W. et al. Enhancing the contrast sensitivity function through action video game training. Nat Neurosci 12, 549–551 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1038/nn.2296
Low frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation of right posterior parietal cortex reduces reaction time to perithreshold low spatial frequency visual stimuli
Scientific Reports (2020)
Frontiers in Psychology (2020)
Bisphenol A exposure inhibits contrast sensitivity in cats involving increased response noise and inhibitory synaptic transmission
Brain Research Bulletin (2020)
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2020)
Not scene learning, but attentional processing is superior in team sport athletes and action video game players
Psychological Research (2020)