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Acoustic metasurface with hybrid resonances

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Abstract

An impedance-matched surface has the property that an incident wave generates no reflection. Here we demonstrate that by using a simple construction, an acoustically reflecting surface can acquire hybrid resonances and becomes impedance-matched to airborne sound at tunable frequencies, such that no reflection is generated. Each resonant cell of the metasurface is deep-subwavelength in all its spatial dimensions, with its thickness less than the peak absorption wavelength by two orders of magnitude. As there can be no transmission, the impedance-matched acoustic wave is hence either completely absorbed at one or multiple frequencies, or converted into other form(s) of energy, such as an electrical current. A high acoustic–electrical energy conversion efficiency of 23% is achieved.

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Figure 1: Geometry and resonance characteristics of the metasurface’s unit cell.
Figure 2: Manifestations of the hybrid resonance and its energy conversion functionality.
Figure 4: Unity (>0.99) absorption attained at tunable multiple frequencies.
Figure 3: Relationships between different parameters at the impedance-matched hybrid resonant frequency.

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Acknowledgements

P.S. and M.Y. wish to thank Ying Wu and Jun Mei for helpful discussions. This work is supported by AoE/P-02/12 and HKUST2/CRF/11G.

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Contributions

P.S. initiated, designed and supervised the project. M.Y. and P.S. provided the theoretical framework. G.M. designed and carried out the experiments. S.X. assisted with the experiments. M.Y. carried out the numerical simulations. G.M., M.Y., Z.Y. and P.S. analysed the data. G.M., M.Y. and P.S. wrote the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ping Sheng.

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The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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Ma, G., Yang, M., Xiao, S. et al. Acoustic metasurface with hybrid resonances. Nature Mater 13, 873–878 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3994

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