Injection of spin currents into solids is crucial for exploring spin physics and spintronics1,2. There has been significant progress in recent years in spin injection into high-resistivity materials, for example, semiconductors and organic materials, which uses tunnel barriers to circumvent the impedance mismatch problem3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14; the impedance mismatch between ferromagnetic metals and high-resistivity materials drastically limits the spin-injection efficiency15. However, because of this problem, there is no route for spin injection into these materials through low-resistivity interfaces, that is, Ohmic contacts, even though this promises an easy and versatile pathway for spin injection without the need for growing high-quality tunnel barriers. Here we show experimental evidence that spin pumping enables spin injection free from this condition; room-temperature spin injection into GaAs from Ni81Fe19 through an Ohmic contact is demonstrated through dynamical spin exchange. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this exchange can be controlled electrically by applying a bias voltage across a Ni81Fe19/GaAs interface, enabling electric tuning of the spin-pumping efficiency.
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This work was supported by the Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, through its ‘Funding Program for Next Generation World-Leading Researchers’, a Grant-in-Aid for Research Activity Start-Up (2284005) from MEXT, Japan, a Strategic Information and Communications R&D Promotion Program from MIC (102102001), Japan, a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research in Priority Area ‘Creation and control of spin current’ (19048028, 19048009) from MEXT, Japan, a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) (21244058) from MEXT, Japan, CREST-JST, Japan, and the Next Generation Supercomputing Project of Nanoscience Program from IMS, Japan.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Ando, K., Takahashi, S., Ieda, J. et al. Electrically tunable spin injector free from the impedance mismatch problem. Nature Mater 10, 655–659 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3052
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