Copy number variants are a recently discovered source of large-scale genomic diversity present in all individuals. We capitalize on these inherent genomic differences, focusing on deletion polymorphisms, to develop informative fluorescence in situ hybridization probes with the ability to unequivocally distinguish between donor and recipient cells in situ. These probes are accurate, specific, highly polymorphic and, notably, can be used to assign genetic identity in situ in a completely gender-independent fashion. We anticipate that these polymorphic deletion probes will be useful in further understanding the dynamics of cellular chimerism after transplantation, including the details of chronic organ rejection, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and graft-versus-host disease, and in optimizing future tissue engineering and pluripotent stem cell therapies.
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We thank M. Han, J. Miller-Batten and J. Reid for excellent technical assistance. We thank C. Lee (Brigham and Women's Hospital) and S. Kantarci (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) for helpful discussions and reagents. We thank S. Ogino for helpful discussions. This work was supported in part by intramural funding from the Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital to A.J.I.
A provisional application by D.W. and A.J.I. for a patent with the US Patent Office for the use of polymorphic deletion probes is pending and has not yet been licensed.
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Wu, D., Vu, Q., Nguyen, A. et al. In situ genetic analysis of cellular chimerism. Nat Med 15, 215–219 (2009) doi:10.1038/nm.1862
Identification of Tissue Contamination by Polymorphic Deletion Probe Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
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