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MHC class Ia–restricted memory T cells inhibit expansion of a nonprotective MHC class Ib (H2-M3)–restricted memory response

Nature Immunologyvolume 5pages159168 (2004) | Download Citation



Listeria monocytogenes infection generates major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Ia–restricted and MHC class Ib-(H2-M3)–restricted effector and memory CD8+ T cells. However, only MHC class Ia–restricted memory cells expand after rechallenge, and it is unknown if MHC class Ib–restricted memory CD8+ T cells generated by vaccination are protective. We show here that H2-M3-restricted memory CD8+ T cells were capable of secondary expansion but, in contrast to primary H2-M3-restricted effector cells, failed to provide protective immunity. In lm-immune mice, MHC class Ia–restricted memory CD8+ T cells prevented the expansion of H2-M3-restricted memory T cell populations by limiting dendritic cell antigen presentation. Thus, protective immunity by H2-M3-resricted T cells is limited to primary infection, indicating that memory MHC class Ia–restricted T cells prevent nonessential immune responses during secondary infection.

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We thank K. Rensberger and R. Podyminogin for technical assistance; E. Pamer (Memorial Sloan Kettering, New York, New York) for TCR-transgenic mice; C.-R. Wang (University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois) for H2-M3-specific antibody; and S. Perlman (University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa) for critical review of the manuscript. We also thank the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease tetramer core facility for reagents. Supported by National Institutes of Health grants AI42767, AI46653, AI50073 (J.T.H.), T32AI07511 (S.E.H.), T32AI07485 (B.B.P.) and T32AI07260 (K.A.N.M.), and a Leukemia and Lymphoma Society Fellow Grant (V.P.B.).

Author information


  1. Interdisciplinary Program in Immunology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, Iowa, USA

    • Sara E Hamilton
    • , Brandon B Porter
    •  & John T Harty
  2. Department of Microbiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, Iowa, USA

    • Kelly A Nordyke Messingham
    • , Vladimir P Badovinac
    •  & John T Harty


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The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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Correspondence to John T Harty.

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