Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Brain electrodes conjure up ghostly visions

Simple stimulation may underpin complex mental illusions.

Brain stimulation can trigger the spooky feeling of a shadowy person lurking behind you. Credit: Punchstock


  1. ArzyS., SeeckM., OrtigueS., SpinelliL.& BlankeO. Nature, 443. 287 (2006).

Download references


Additional information

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Related links

Related links

Related links in Nature Research

Brain and behaviour news

Health and medicine news

Related external links

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Brain Mind Unit

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hopkin, M. Brain electrodes conjure up ghostly visions. Nature (2006).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing