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A fully automated flow-based approach for accelerated peptide synthesis


Here we report a fully automated, flow-based approach to solid-phase polypeptide synthesis, with amide bond formation in 7 seconds and total synthesis times of 40 seconds per amino acid residue. Crude peptide purities and isolated yields were comparable to those for standard-batch solid-phase peptide synthesis. At full capacity, this approach can yield tens of thousands of individual 30-mer peptides per year.

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Figure 1: Automated flow peptide synthesis enables 7-s amide bond formation and complete solid-phase peptide synthesis cycles in 40 s.
Figure 2: Rapid synthesis of long polypeptides.
Figure 3: Rapid optimization of polypeptide synthesis by in-line monitoring of Fmoc removal.


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This research was supported by startup funds from the MIT Department of Chemistry for B.L.P., the MIT Deshpande Center for Technological Innovation, and Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited and a National Science Foundation Graduate Student Fellowship for A.M. We also thank A. Teixeria, E. Evans, G. Lautrette, J. Wolfe, S. Jain, S. Kim, and A.J. West for expert technical assistance, suggestions, and as early adopters of the technology.

Author information




D.A.T. and A.J.M. designed, coded, and assembled the AFPS and designed experiments to characterize it. R.B., A.J.M., and D.A.T. designed and implemented the LabView graphical interface and revised control electronics. M.D.S., A.J.M., D.A.T., and A.A. designed the valving and earlier prototype versions of the AFPS. A.J.M., D.A.T., M.D.S., K.F.J., and B.L.P. wrote the manuscript. K.F.J. and B.L.P. supervised the work.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bradley L Pentelute.

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Competing interests

Multiple patent applications covering this work have been filed by the MIT Technology Licensing Office. B.L.P. plans to commercialize this technology via a startup and will hold equity in the company.

Supplementary information

Supplementary Text and Figures

Supplementary Results, Supplementary Tables 1–2 and Supplementary Figures 1–19 (PDF 3203 kb)

The movie shows a broad overview of the different components of the AFPS followed by its use in a typical synthesis.

First, the user inputs a peptide sequence with all of the synthesis parameters. After pressing "run", the machine swells a syringe filled with resin with DMF and loads it into the heated reactor. During synthesis, the display shows UV, pressure, and temperature data. When the peptide synthesis is complete, the machine ejects the reactor. (MOV 19595 kb)

Supplementary Software

Serial drivers for the pumps and valves written for the hardware described in Supplementary Figure 14. (ZIP 7 kb)

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Mijalis, A., Thomas, D., Simon, M. et al. A fully automated flow-based approach for accelerated peptide synthesis. Nat Chem Biol 13, 464–466 (2017).

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