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Biofilms strike back

Nature Biotechnologyvolume 23pages13781379 (2005) | Download Citation


Sublethal concentrations of antibiotics increase bacterial drug tolerance by promoting biofilm formation.

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  1. Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Medical School, 505 Vail Building, North College Street, Hanover, 03755, New Hampshire, USA

    • George A O'Toole
  2. Center for Biofilm Engineering and Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Montana State University, 366 EPS Building, Bozeman, 59717, Montana, USA

    • Philip S Stewart


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