Are Bt crops safe?

The US EPA's analysis of Bt crops finds that they pose no significant risk to the environment or to human health.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Biopesticides Registration Action Document (BRAD)—Bacillus thuringiensis Plant-Incorporated Protectants, US EPA, October 15, 2001. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/pips/bt_brad.htm

  2. 2

    Title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 340, Introduction of Organisms and Products Altered or Produced Through Genetic Engineering Which Are Plant Pests or Which There is Reason to Believe Are Plant Pests.

  3. 3

    Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 174, Procedures and Requirements for Plant-Incorporated Protectants. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/pips/index.htm

  4. 4

    Title 7, United States Code, §§ 136–136y, Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.

  5. 5

    Title 21, United States Code, §§ 301–397, Federal, Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

  6. 6

    US National Academy of Sciences. Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants: Science and Regulation (National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2000). http://www.nap.edu/books/0309069300/html/

  7. 7

    StarLink Corn Regulatory Archive, US EPA. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ biopesticides/pips/starlink_corn_archive.htm

Download references

Acknowledgements

Edward Brandt, Doug Gurian-Sherman, Linda Hollis, William Jordan, Suzanne Krolikowski, Sharlene Matten, Felicia Wu Morris, Willie Nelson, Alan Reynolds, Robyn Rose, Sasha Sicks, Brian Steinwand, Toby Tiktinski, Gail Tomimatsu, Robert Torla, Michael T. Watson and Chris Wozniak also contributed by being part of the EPA's Bt Crop Reassessment Teams.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mendelsohn, M., Kough, J., Vaituzis, Z. et al. Are Bt crops safe?. Nat Biotechnol 21, 1003–1009 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt0903-1003

Download citation

Further reading

Search

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing