Research Paper | Published:

Monitoring Environmental Pollution in Marine Fishes by Immunological Techniques: The Immune Response of Fishes Exposed by Injection or Bath to Bacterial Isolates from Sludge and In Situ Exposure to Sludge

Bio/Technology volume 1, pages 6668 (1983) | Download Citation



Antibody to human enteric bacterial isolates from sewage sludge dumped into the ocean has been demonstrated in several species of marine teleost. Antibody profiles of these bacteria gathered on commercial species can show what contact fish have had with potentially pathogenic microorganisms which could affect their health or survival and their suitability for consumption. Paralichthys dentatus, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, Tautoga onitis, and Fundulus heteroclitus were either injected with or exposed to bacteria by a bath technique, or caged in situ in sludge. Bacterial agglutinating antibody has been demonstrated to Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Proteus morganii, Aeromonas hydrophila, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia liquifaciens, and Escherichia coli.

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  1. National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Fisheries Center, Sandy Hook Laboratory, Highlands, New Jersey 07732, Mailing Address

    • J. S. Stolen
    • , V. Kasper
    •  & T. Gahn
  2. Middlesex County College, Edison, New Jersey 08817

    • V. Lipcon
  3. Drew University, Madison, New Jersey 07940

    • J. S. Stolen
    • , V. Kasper
    • , T. Gahn
    •  & J. J. Nagle
  4. USPHS, FDA, NTSU, Davisville, Rhode Island 02854

    • W. N. Adams


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