Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Elevating the conversation about GE crops

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Giddings, L.V. & Miller, H. Nat. Biotechnol. 34, 1226–1228 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    The National Academies. Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects (National Academies Press, 2016).

  3. 3

    Iles, Alastair et al. (2014).

  4. 4

    Anonymous. Academics Rev. (2012).

  5. 5

    Anonymous. (Gallup, 2016).

  6. 6

    US Department of Agriculture. Crop Production Historical Track Records–14–2016.pdf (USDA, Washington, DC, 2016).

  7. 7

    Schiek, B. et al. Int. J. Biotechnol. 14, 112–131 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    National Research Council. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society (National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA).

  9. 9

    Glickman, D. in Environmental Politics Casebook: Genetically Modified Foods (ed. Miller, N.) 45–58 (Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, 1999).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Funk, C. & Kennedy, B. The New Food Fights: US Public Divides Over Food Science (Pew Initiative, Washington, DC, 2016).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fred Gould.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

None of the authors declares a financial conflict in relationship to the contents of this response to the Giddings and Miller article. In the interests of disclosure, however, the authors state that some of us or our laboratories are conducting research in the areas under discussion that could have potential commercial applications. D.M.S. is conducting research that could potentially facilitate use of genetic engineering; R.M.A., R.A.D. and C.N.S. are developing plants or methods with genetic engineering that in the future could have potential commercial applications; R.M.A., R.A.D. and C.M.S. are listed as inventors on patents under the following numbers: (R.M.A.) 7,888,122; 7,723,565; 7,420,102; 7,303,918; 7,199,282; 7,129,396; 6,921,849; 6,693,228; 6,359,197; 5,689,042; (R.A.D.) 5,530,187; 5,750,399; 6,316,697; 6,573,432; 7,038,113; 7,384,759; 7,432,425; 7,622,638; 7,709,701; 7,316,928; 7,442,851; 7,663,023; 7,816,507; 7,880,059; 7,888,533; 8,129,592; 8,138,392 B2; 8,420,889 B2; 8,796,509 B2; 8,809,627 B2; 8,901,371 B2; 9,045,549 B2; 9,121,031 B2; 9,238,821B2; 2,404,104; 2003270537; 2005265356; 2007213711; 2008245794; 538259; 552453; 552941; 570395; 591217; (C.N.S.) 6,261,561; 6,406,885; 6,881,411; 6,927,322; 7,973,213; 8,604,276; 9,157,087. C.N.S. is receiving royalties on university-assigned inventions and the R.A.D. laboratory receives research funding from commercial entities (Forage Genetics International (US) and Grasslanz Technology Ltd. (New Zealand)).

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Gould, F., Amasino, R., Brossard, D. et al. Elevating the conversation about GE crops. Nat Biotechnol 35, 302–304 (2017).

Download citation

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing