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This work has been supported by the US NIH BD2K grant U54 GM114833 and a National Natural Science Foundation of China grant (61501071). A.I.N. is supported by US National Institute of Health grant (R01-GM-094231). Y.P.-R. is supported by BBSRC 'PROCESS' grant (BB/K01997X/1). M.B. is supported by Projects of International Cooperation and Exchanges grant (2014DFB30010). M.W. is supported by an NIH grant (5P41GM103484-07). J.A.V. and N.d.-T. are supported by the Wellcome Trust (grant WT101477MA). T.T. is supported by the BBSRC 'ProteoGenomics' grant (BB/L024225/1). E.W.D. and D.S.C. are supported in part by grant (U24 AI117966-02S1). S.-A.S. is supported in part by US NIH BD2K grant (1U24AI117966-01). M.W. and N.Bandeira were supported by NIH grant (5P41GM103484-07). N.Bandeira was also partially supported as an Alfred P. Sloan Fellow. S.Subramaniam is supported by NIH grants U01 DK097430 and U01 CA198941

Author information

Author notes

    • Yasset Perez-Riverol
    •  & Mingze Bai

    These authors contributed equally to this work.


  1. European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom.

    • Yasset Perez-Riverol
    • , Mingze Bai
    • , Silvano Squizzato
    • , Young Mi Park
    • , Kenneth Haug
    • , Dylan Spalding
    • , Justin Paschall
    • , Noemi del-Toro
    • , Tobias Ternent
    • , Nicola Buso
    • , Reza M Salek
    • , Ugis Sarkans
    • , Robert Petryszak
    • , Maria Keays
    • , Christoph Steinbeck
    • , Rodrigo Lopez
    • , Juan A Vizcaíno
    •  & Henning Hermjakob
  2. Institute of Bioinformatics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, China.

    • Mingze Bai
  3. Beijing Proteome Research Center, National Center for Protein Sciences Beijing, Beijing, China.

    • Mingze Bai
    •  & Henning Hermjakob
  4. Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

    • Felipe da Veiga Leprevost
    • , Peng Zhang
    •  & Alexey I Nesvizhskii
  5. Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

    • Adam J Carroll
  6. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.

    • Mingxun Wang
    •  & Nuno Bandeira
  7. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

    • Peng Zhang
  8. Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, USA.

    • Eric W Deutsch
    •  & David S Campbell
  9. Biochemistry & Medical Genetics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

    • Ronald C Beavis
  10. Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.

    • Eoin Fahy
    • , Manish Sud
    •  & Shankar Subramaniam
  11. Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

    • Ariana Barbera
  12. ELIXIR Hub, Wellcome Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom.

    • Rafael C Jiménez
  13. Oxford e-Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

    • Susanna-Assunta Sansone
  14. Department of Physiology and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

    • Peipei Ping
  15. Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

    • Peipei Ping


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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Yasset Perez-Riverol or Henning Hermjakob.

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