A look at the global landscape of biofuel patenting shows that, after surging between 2004 and 2008, the invention of biofuel technologies slowed considerably, and in many countries went into decline. Global trends point to an uncertain future, in particular, for advanced biofuels.
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We gratefully acknowledge support that contributed to this study from the National Institutes of Health (5 R01 HG004041-03) (G.D.G.), Energy Bioscience Institute (EBI-OO7J59) (G.D.G.), and the NSF IGERT program in Biofuels at CSU (S.C.A.). Thanks to P. Flynn and D. Philips for excellent research assistance, to T. Bubela and M. Bieber for assistance with data and methods, and to M. Lundqvist, C. Peebles, K. Reardon, P. Pardey, B. Wright, D. Zilberman, and A. Bennett for insights and support at various stages of the project.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Albers, S., Berklund, A. & Graff, G. The rise and fall of innovation in biofuels. Nat Biotechnol 34, 814–821 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.3644
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