Fossils of microorganisms from deep-sea sediment cores show that environmental change correlates closely with extinction but not with speciation, producing a nuanced view of the drivers of evolution. See Letter p.398
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*This article and the paper under discussion1 were published online on 9 January 2013.
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Holland, S. A history of give and take. Nature 493, 308–309 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11851