Well-socialized and obedient dogs are easier to handle and may make better research models. The authors describe the program they have implemented at the NIH, which has benefited both the animals and their caretakers.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
We are sorry, but there is no personal subscription option available for your country.
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Animal Welfare Act as Amended (7 USC, 2131–2139).
United States Department of Agriculture. Animal Welfare Act Regulations, 9 CFR 3.8.
Beaver, B.V. Veterinarian's Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, 1994).
Hubrecht, R.C. Enrichment in puppyhood and its effects on later behavior of dogs. Lab. Anim. Sci. 45(1), 70–75 (1995).
Scott, J.P. & Fuller, J.L. Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 1965).
Scott, J.P. Critical periods in the development of social behavior in puppies. Psychosom. Med. 20(1), 42–54 (1958).
Fuller, J.L. Effects of experimental deprivation upon behavior in animals. Proc. World Congr. Psychiatr. 3, 223–227 (1964).
Fox, M.W. Canine Behavior (Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL, 1965).
Fisher, A.E., The Effects of Differential Early Treatment on the Social and Exploratory Behavior of Puppies. Thesis, Pennsylvania State University (1955).
Wolfle, T.L. in Canine Research Environment (eds. Mench, J.A. & Krulisch, L.) 41–47 (Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Bethesda, MD, 1990).
Vanderlip, S.L. & Vanderlip, J.E. A socializing program for laboratory-raised canines. Part 2: The puppy socialization schedule. Lab Anim. (NY) 14(2), 27–36 (1985).
Vanderlip, S.L., Vanderlip, J.E. & Myles, S. A socializing program for laboratory-raised canines. Lab Anim. (NY) 14(1), 33–36 (1985).
Hurnik, J.F., Webster, A.B. & Siegel, P.B. Dictionary of Farm Animal Behavior 2nd edn (Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, 1995).
Carlstead, K., Seidensticker, J. & Baldwin, R. Environmental enrichment for zoo bears. Zoo. Biol. 10(1), 3–16 (1991).
Mellen, J. & Ellis, S. in Wild Mammals in Captivity: Principles and Techniques (eds Kleiman, D., Allen, M., Thompson, K. & Lumpkin, S.) 88–99 (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 1996).
Shepherdson, D. Environmental enrichment: back to the future. Proc. Symp. Assoc. Br. Wild Animal Keepers 15, 42–54 (1992).
Pryor, K. Don't Shoot the Dog!: The New Art of Teaching and Training (Bantam Books, New York, NY, 1999).
Laule, G. & Desmond, T. in Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals (eds Shepherdson, D.J., Mellen, J.D. & Hutchins, M.) 302–312 (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1998).
Shepherdson, D.J. in Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals (eds Shepherdson, D.J., Mellen, J.D. & Hutchins, M.) 1–12 (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1998).
Overall, K.L. Clinical Behavioral Medicine for Small Animals (Mosby, London, UK, 1997).
Adams, K.M., Hutchinson, E.K., Navarro, A.M. and Weed, J.L. Temperament testing of laboratory canines. Abstract. Program for the 2003 National Meeting of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science, Seattle, WA, 12–16 October 2003.
About this article
Cite this article
Adams, K., Navarro, A., Hutchinson, E. et al. A Canine Socialization and Training Program at the National Institutes of Health. Lab Anim 33, 32–36 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1038/laban0104-32