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Depressive symptoms and prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Dogo Study

Abstract

In several studies of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a positive association between depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been reported. No evidence exists, however, regarding the association between depressive symptoms and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thus, we examined this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study subjects were 469 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 19 years or over. ED, moderate to severe ED and severe ED were defined as present when a subject had a Sexual Health Inventory for Men score <22, <12 and <8, respectively. Depressive symptoms were defined as present when a subject had a Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) score >49. Adjustment was made for age, body mass index, waist, duration of type 2 diabetes, current smoking, current drinking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, stroke, glycated hemoglobin and diabetic neuropathy. The prevalence values of depressive symptoms, moderate to severe ED and severe ED were 15.1%, 64.2% and 51.0%, respectively. Depressive symptoms were independently positively associated with moderate to severe ED and severe ED (adjusted odds ratios were 2.23 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.17–4.43) and 1.86 (95% CI: 1.04–3.41), respectively). In Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, depressive symptoms may be associated with ED.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Keiko Kikuchi and Tomo Kogama from Ehime University and Eri Furukawa from the Furukawa Clinic. This study was funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI Grants (21790583 and 23790697).

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Correspondence to S Furukawa.

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Furukawa, S., Sakai, T., Niiya, T. et al. Depressive symptoms and prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Dogo Study. Int J Impot Res 29, 57–60 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/ijir.2016.45

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