The impact of salt intake during and after pregnancy

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Abstract

Although high blood pressure before pregnancy is associated with a risk of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, no convincing evidence has been produced to show that dietary salt reduction helps in the prevention and treatment of hypertension during pregnancy. Thus the current guidelines do not recommend a sodium restriction during pregnancy to prevent gestational hypertension and the development of preeclampsia. However, the long-term impact of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy for life-threatening diseases later in life is a critical issue. Gestational hypertension could contribute to the risk of developing hypertension later in life, and recent studies have suggested that gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are linked to cardiovascular complications. In this article, we provide an overview of the current perspectives on the salt intake of pregnant women and consider both the short-term influence and the impact beyond the perinatal period.

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Acknowledgements

YI received research support from Omron Healthcare

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Correspondence to Kei Asayama.

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Asayama, K., Imai, Y. The impact of salt intake during and after pregnancy. Hypertens Res 41, 1–5 (2018) doi:10.1038/hr.2017.90

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Keywords

  • chronic hypertension
  • dietary salt
  • gestational hypertension
  • hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
  • preeclampsia

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