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Different Effects on Inhibition of Cardiac Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats by Monotherapy and Combination Therapy of Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists and/or the Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blocker under Comparable Blood Pressure Reduction

Abstract

To confirm that α1, β adrenoceptor antagonists and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) have different abilities to attenuate progressive cardiac hypertrophy despite their comparable lowering of blood pressure, we compared the effect of these agents alone or in combination on hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy. Eight-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were divided into 7 groups. Single administration of doxazosin, atenolol, or losartan, or half-dose combinations of these drugs were given orally for 6 weeks. The control group did not receive any drugs. The heart weight-to-body weight ratio (HW/BW), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular BNP mRNA expression were measured after 6-week administration. Blood pressure did not differ among the drug-treated groups, all of which showed lower blood pressure than the control group. The HW/BW and LVMI of the drug-treated groups, except the doxazosin group, were lower than in the control group. Moreover, the LVMI values of the groups receiving losartan were significantly lower than those in the groups without losartan (p<0.05). Plasma BNP of the drug-treated groups was lower than that in the control group (p<0.05). The left ventricular BNP mRNA expression of the drug-treated groups, except the doxazosin group, was lower than that in the control group. The atenolol group showed a higher level of BNP mRNA than the groups receiving losartan monotherapy or combination therapies (p<0.05). In conclusion, the ARB had the strongest attenuating effect on the development of hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy, and the α1 and β adrenergic receptor blockers were more effective in combination than as monotherapies in SHR.

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Correspondence to Takae Asai.

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Asai, T., Kushiro, T., Fujita, H. et al. Different Effects on Inhibition of Cardiac Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats by Monotherapy and Combination Therapy of Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists and/or the Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blocker under Comparable Blood Pressure Reduction. Hypertens Res 28, 79–87 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1291/hypres.28.79

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Keywords

  • cardiac hypertrophy
  • hypertension
  • angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker
  • adrenergic receptor antagonists
  • combination therapy

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