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African swine fever has become a major concern for the European Union’s veterinary authorities. Widespread in wild boars in central Europe, it is almost always fatal and could devastate the EU’s swine industry. As a former member of the Italian parliament (I.C.), and former EU commissioner and prime minister of Italy (M.M.), we fear that the situation could dramatically shake European identity and cohesion in this era of social media, fake news and anti-EU protests.