Infections

Association of Epstein–Barr virus reactivation with the recovery of CD4/CD8 double-negative T lymphocytes after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

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Abstract

EBV infection is one of the life-threatening clinical complications in patients who underwent haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haploHSCT). Although immune recovery is recognized to be crucial for decreasing subsequent morbidity of infections, the link between T-cell recovery and EBV infection after haploHSCT remains elusive. We recently compared the influences of different doses of antithymocyte globulin conditioning on the T-cell reconstitution post haploHSCT and suggested that CD4CD8T cells might interact with the occurrence of EBV reactivation. In the current study, haploHSCT recipients with EBV-DNAemia (n=64) were compared with a control group without EBV reactivation (n=192), with regard to the recoveries of T-cell subpopulations. In contrast to other T-cell subpopulations, the median counts ofCD4CD8T cells in recipients with EBV-DNAemia were significantly lower than the control group at a serial time course (30, 90 and 180 days) after transplantation. Landmark studies further confirmed the correlation of CD4CD8T cells with the EBV infection. Multivariate analysis showed that hampered recovery of CD4CD8T cells and EBV reactivation were the independent risk factors to predict transplant-related mortality. Our findings may facilitate the intervention strategies to improve the overall survival of haploHSCT recipients.

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Acknowledgements

This study is supported by Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No 81230013) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81370666).

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Correspondence to X-J Huang.

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The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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