Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

In Retrospect

Twenty years of drying droplets

When a particle-laden droplet evaporates on a solid surface, the particles form a ring-like deposit. The explanation for this phenomenon, provided in 1997, has led to advances in many areas of science and engineering.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: The coffee-ring effect.


  1. See all news & views


  1. Deegan, R. D. et al. Nature 389, 827–829 (1997).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Soltman, D. & Subramanian, V. Langmuir 24, 2224–2231 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Larson, R. G. AIChE J. 60, 1538–1571 (2014).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Trantum, J. R., Wright, D. W. & Haselton, F. R. Langmuir 28, 2187–2193 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Hu, H. & Larson, R. G. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 7090–7094 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Kaya, D., Belyi, V. A. & Muthukumar, M. J. Chem. Phys. 133, 114905 (2010).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Larson, R. G., López, M. A., Lim, D. W. & Lahann, J. MRS Proc. 1273, 1273-MM03-01 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Deegan, R. D. Phys. Rev. E 61, 475–485 (2000).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Willmer, D., Baldwin, K. A., Kwartnik, C. & Fairhurst, D. J. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12, 3998–4004 (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Adachi, E., Dimitrov, A. S. & Nagayama, K. Langmuir 11, 1057–1060 (1995).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Kajiya, T., Nishitani, E., Yamaue, T. & Doi, M. Phys. Rev. E 73, 011601 (2006).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Chen, L. & Evans, J. R. G. Langmuir 25, 11299–11301 (2009).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Yunker, P. J., Still, T., Lohr, M. A. & Yodh, A. G. Nature 476, 308–311 (2011).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Tarasevich, Y. Y. & Pravoslavnova, D. M. Eur. Phys. J. E 22, 311–314 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ronald G. Larson.

Related links

Related links

Related links in Nature Research

Materials science: Magnetic nanoparticles line up

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Larson, R. Twenty years of drying droplets. Nature 550, 466–467 (2017).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing