Outlook | Published:

Assessment: Academic return

Nature volume 533, pages S20S21 (05 May 2016) | Download Citation


A broader understanding of 'impact' could help governments to measure the diverse benefits of their investment in research.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1.

    & Res. Policy 30, 509–532 (2001).

  2. 2.

    Health Economics Research Group, Office of Health Economics & RAND Europe. Medical Research: What's it Worth? (UK Evaluation Forum, 2008).

  3. 3.

    , & Public R&D NBER Working Paper 16-056 (2015).

  4. 4.

    , & J. R. Soc. Med. 104, 510–520 (2011).

Download references

Author information


  1. Michael Eisenstein is a freelance science writer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    • Michael Eisenstein


  1. Search for Michael Eisenstein in:

About this article

Publication history




Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Newsletter Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing