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Condensed-matter physics

Optical lattices

Optical lattices have rapidly become a favoured tool of atomic and condensed-matter physicists. These crystals made of light can be used to trap atoms at very low temperatures, creating a workshop in which to pore over and tinker with fundamental properties of matter.

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Figure 1: Crystal simulation.
Figure 2: Potential lattice.
Figure 3: Superfluids and insulators.
Figure 4: Magnetic effects.

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Greiner, M., Fölling, S. Optical lattices. Nature 453, 736–738 (2008).

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