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Unusually strong intramolecular magnetic coupling in a chromium hydride cluster

Nature volume 378, pages 359362 (23 November 1995) | Download Citation

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Abstract

MOLECULES with large spins, and associated large magnetic moments, are potential building blocks for magnetic materials1. To make such molecules, spin-carrying metal ions can be assembled into polynuclear complexes, but the coupling between the spins is usually antiferromagnetic, leading to antiparallel alignment2. Magnetic coupling leading to parallel alignment occurs only rarely, and even then is usually too weak for the alignment to persist at ambient temperatures3–14. Here we report the synthesis of a tetranuclear chromium hydride cluster with a ground state of non-zero spin (spin quantum number S = 7/2), in which the intra-molecular magnetic coupling is so strong that the magnetic alignment is not disturbed appreciably even at room temperature. This ground state cannot be explained either by simple parallel or anti-parallel alignment of spins, but can be understood in terms of antiparallel alignment of three Cr(III) moments with one Cr(II) moment. These findings indicate that hydride ligands can mediate extremely strong magnetic exchange interactions between metal ions, and that metal hydrides may therefore be promising components for the construction of molecular magnetic materials.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA

    • Robert A. Heintz
    • , Robert L. Ostrander
    • , Arnold L. Rheingold
    •  & Klaus H. Theopold
  2. Department of Chemistry, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA

    • Thomas F. Koetzle
    •  & Ping Wu

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https://doi.org/10.1038/378359a0

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