Letter | Published:

Change in crystallization mechanism at the glass transition of colloidal spheres

Nature volume 362, pages 616618 (15 April 1993) | Download Citation

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Abstract

THE crystallization of 'hard' spheres, which interact only through repulsive forces on contact, is a purely entropic effect and provides a model system for testing theories of freezing transitions in liquids generally1. Micrometre-sized colloidal particles can be made to approximate hard spheres by grafting of polymers to their surfaces1. Their slow dynamics make them attractive systems for the study of crystallization kinetics2–4. As well as undergoing crystallization1,2, such particles also exhibit a glass transition at a well-defined volume fraction φg, which we have shown previously to be related to the cessation of large-scale diffusion on experimental timescales5,6.. Here we show that the glass transition coincides with a change in the mechanism of crystallization. At volume fractions less than φg isometric crystals are nucleated homogeneously throughout the sample, whereas above φg crystals forming slowly in the metastable glass phase are highly asymmetric. Regular rocking of the suspension above the glass transition induces more rapid formation of plate-like crystals, indicating that their nucleation is shear-induced.

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Affiliations

  1. Department of Applied Physics, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia

    • W. van Megen
    •  & S. M. Underwood

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https://doi.org/10.1038/362616a0

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