Article | Published:

Fluxes and excess temperatures of mantle plumes inferred from their interaction with migrating mid-ocean ridges

Naturevolume 352pages397403 (1991) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

The behaviour of thermal plumes in the Earth's upper mantle is strongly affected by their interaction with nearby mid-ocean ridges. The magnitude of the buoyant topography and the length of the geochemical anomaly induced by plumes at migrating ridge axes provide a way to estimate their excess temperature and discharge rate, and thereby constrain their depth of origin.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Turcotte, D. L. & Oxburgh, E. R. J. Fluid Mech. 28, 29–42 (1967).

  2. 2

    Olson, P., Silver, P. G. & Carlson, R. W. Nature 344, 209–215 (1990).

  3. 3

    Bercovici, D., Schubert, G. & Glatzmaier, G. A. Science 244, 950–955 (1989).

  4. 4

    Davies, G. F. J. geophys. Res. 89, 6017–6040 (1984).

  5. 5

    Stein, S., Melosh, H. J. & Minster, J. B. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 36, 51–62 (1977).

  6. 6

    Richards, M. A., Hager, B. H. & Sleep, N. H. J. geophys. Res. 93, 7690–7708 (1988).

  7. 7

    Davies, G. F. J. geophys. Res. 93, 10467–10480 (1988).

  8. 8

    Cazenave, A., Souriau, A. & Dominh, K. Nature 340, 54–57 (1989).

  9. 9

    Dziewonski, A. M. & Anderson, D. L. Am. Scient. 72, 483–494 (1984).

  10. 10

    Schilling, J.-G. Nature 314, 62–67 (1985).

  11. 11

    Schilling, J.-G., Thompson, G., Kingsley, R. & Humphris, S. Nature 313, 187–191 (1985).

  12. 12

    Hanan, B. B., Kingsley, R. H. & Schilling, J.-G. Nature 322, 137–144 (1986).

  13. 13

    Sleep, N. H. J. geophys. Res. 95, 6715–6736 (1990).

  14. 14

    White, R. & McKenzie, D. J. geophys. Res. 94, 7685–7729 (1989).

  15. 15

    Allègre, C. J., Hamelin, B. & Dupré, B. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 71, 71–84 (1984).

  16. 16

    Skilbeck, J. N. & Whitehead, J. A. Jr Nature 272, 499–501 (1978).

  17. 17

    Olson, P. & Singer, H. J. Fluid Mech. 158, 511–531 (1985).

  18. 18

    Richards, M. A. & Griffiths, R. W. Nature 342, 900–902 (1989).

  19. 19

    Morgan, W. J. J. geophys. Res. 83, 5355–5360, (1978).

  20. 20

    Vogt, P. R. Earth planet Sci. Lett. 13, 153–160 (1971).

  21. 21

    Schilling, J.-G. Nature 242, 565–571 (1973).

  22. 22

    Schilling, J.-G. J. geophys. Res. (submitted).

  23. 23

    Searle, R. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 51, 415–434 (1980).

  24. 24

    Palmason, G. Visindafelag Iseldinga XL, 187 (Reykjavik, 1971).

  25. 25

    McKenzie, D. J. Petrol. 25, 713–765 (1984).

  26. 26

    Schilling, J.-G. Nature phys. Sci. 242, 2–5 (1973).

  27. 27

    Schilling, J.-G., Sigurdsson, H., Davies, A. N. & Hey, R. N. Nature 317, 325–331 (1985).

  28. 28

    Hanan, B. B. & Schilling, J.-G. J. geophys. Res. 94, 7432–7448 (1989).

  29. 29

    Fontignie, D. & Schilling, J.-G. Chem. Geol. 89, 209–241 (1991).

  30. 30

    Wyllie, P. J. J. geophys. Res. 93, 4171–4181 (1988).

  31. 31

    Klein, E. M. & Langmuir, C. H. J. geophys. Res. 92, 8089–8115 (1987).

  32. 32

    McNutt, M. in Seamounts, Islands and Atolls (eds Keating, B. H., Fryer, P., Batiza, R. & Boehlert, G. W.) 123–132 (American Geophysical Union, Washington DC. 1987).

  33. 33

    Sleep, N. H., Richards, M. A. & Hager, B. H. J. geophys. Res. 93, 7672–7689 (1988).

  34. 34

    Griffiths, R. W. & Campbell, I. H. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 99, 66–78 (1990).

  35. 35

    Griffiths, R. W. & Campbell, I. H. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 103, 214–227 (1991).

  36. 36

    Morgan, W. J. Nature 230, 42–43 (1971).

  37. 37

    Hofmann, A. W. & White, W. M. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 57, 421–436 (1982).

  38. 38

    Olson, P., Schubert, G. & Anderson, C. Nature 327, 409–413 (1987).

  39. 39

    Allègre, C. J. & Turcotte, D. L. Geophys. Res. Lett. 12, 207–210 (1985).

  40. 40

    Schilling, J.-G., Bergeron, M. B. & Evans, R. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A297, 147–178 (1980).

  41. 41

    Poreda, R., Schilling, J.-G. & Craig, H. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 78, 1–17 (1986).

  42. 42

    Kurz, M. D., Jenkins, W. J., Schilling, J.-G. & Hart, S. R. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 58, 1–14 (1982).

  43. 43

    Graham, D., Lupton, J., Albaréde, F. & Condomines, M. Nature 347, 545–548 (1990).

  44. 44

    Vance, D., Stone, J. O. H. & O'Nions, R. K. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 96, 147–160 (1989).

  45. 45

    Kurz, M. D., Jenkins, W. J. & Hart, S. R. Nature 297, 43–47 (1982).

  46. 46

    Dupré, B. & Allègre, C. J. Nature 303, 142–146 (1983).

  47. 47

    Hart, S. R. Nature 309, 753–757 (1984).

  48. 48

    Castillo, P. Nature 336, 667–670 (1988).

  49. 49

    Griffiths, R. W. Earth planet Sci. Lett. 78, 435–446 (1986).

  50. 50

    Ringwood, A. E. & Irifune, T. Nature 331, 131–136 (1988).

  51. 51

    Kincaid, C. & Olson, P. J. geophys. Res. 92, 13832–13840 (1987).

  52. 52

    Bonatti, E. Science 250, 107–111 (1990).

  53. 53

    Schilling, J.-G., Kingsley, R. & Devine, J. D. J. geophys. Res. 87, 5593–5610 (1982).

  54. 54

    Burke, K., Kidd, W. S. F. & Wilson, J. T. Nature 241, 128–129 (1973).

  55. 55

    Schilling, J.-G., Kingsley, R. H., Hanan, B. B. & McCully, B. L. J. geophys. Res. (submitted).

  56. 56

    Richards, M. A. & Griffiths, R. W. Geophys. J. 94, 367–376 (1988).

  57. 57

    Davis, E. E. & Karsten, J. L. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 79, 385–396 (1986).

  58. 58

    Karsten, J. L., Delaney, J. R., Rhodes, J. M. & Liias, R. A. J. geophys. Res. 95, 19235–19256 (1990).

  59. 59

    Vogt, P. R., Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 29, 309–325 (1976).

  60. 60

    Gripp, A. E. & Gordon, R. G. Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 1109–1112 (1990).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Graduate School of Oceanography, The University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, 02881, USA

    • Jean-Guy Schilling

Authors

  1. Search for Jean-Guy Schilling in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Issue Date

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/352397a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.