Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Observation of cold nuclear fusion in condensed matter

Abstract

When a current is passed through palladium or titanium electrodes immersed in an electrolyte of deuterated water and various metal salts, a small but significant flux of neutrons is detected. Fusion of deuterons within the metal lattice may be the explanation.

References

  1. 1

    Van Siclen, C. D. & Jones, S. E. J. Phys. G. 12, 213–221 (1986).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Jones, S. E. Nature 321, 127–133 (1986).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Rafelski, J. & Jones, S. E. Scient. Am. 257, 84–89 (July 1987).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Craig, H., Lupton, J. E., Welhan, J. A. & Poreda, R. Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 897–900 (1978).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Lupton, J. E. & Craig, H. Science 214, 13–18 (1981).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Mamyrin, B. A. & Tolstikhin, L. N. Helium Isotopes in Nature (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1984).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Craig, H. & Lupton, J. E. in The Sea Vol. 7 (ed. Emiliani, C.) Ch. 11 (Wiley, New York, 1981).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Mamyrin, B. A., Khabarin, L. V. & Yudenich, V. S. Soviet Phys. Dokl. 23, 581–583 (1978).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Jensen, G. L., Dixon, D. R., Bruening, K. & Czirr, J. B. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. 220, 406–408 (1984).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Hess, W. N., Patterson, H. W. & Wallace, R. Phys. Rev. 116, 445–457 (1959).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    MCNP: Monte Carlo Neutron and Photon Transport Code, CCC-200 (Version 3) (Radiation Shielding Information Center, Oak Ridge Natn. Lab., 1983).

  12. 12

    Bowman, R. C. Jr in Metal Hydrides (ed. Bambakides, G.) 109–144 (Plenum, New York, 1981).

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Jones, S. E. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1757–1760 (1983).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Jones, S., Palmer, E., Czirr, J. et al. Observation of cold nuclear fusion in condensed matter. Nature 338, 737–740 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1038/338737a0

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing