Article | Published:

Black smokers, massive sulphides and vent biota at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Nature volume 321, pages 3337 (01 May 1986) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

The discovery of black smokers, massive sulphides and vent biota in the rift valley of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge demonstrates that this assemblage of hydrothermal phenomena is not limited to intermediate-to-fast-spreading oceanic ridges. Hydrothermal exchange processes may thus be important at the ridges which extend through the Atlantic Ocean and western Indian Ocean, comprising more than half of the 55,000-km global length of seafloor spreading centres.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    et al. J. geophys. Res. 89, 11365–11377 (1984).

  2. 2.

    et al. Nature 277, 523–528 (1979).

  3. 3.

    et al. Science 207, 1421–1444 (1980).

  4. 4.

    , , , & Science 207, 1433–1444 (1980).

  5. 5.

    , , , & Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 49, 8–20 (1980).

  6. 6.

    et al. Mar. Technol Soc. J. 16, 46–53 (1982).

  7. 7.

    et al. Nature 313, 212–214 (1985).

  8. 8.

    et al. Science 226, 965–967 (1984).

  9. 9.

    et al. Nature 317, 351–353 (1985).

  10. 10.

    et al. Eos 66, 936 (1985).

  11. 11.

    , , & Eos 66, 936 (1985).

  12. 12.

    , & Eos 66, 936 (1985).

  13. 13.

    Eos 66, 682–683 (1985).

  14. 14.

    Eos 66, 936 (1985).

  15. 15.

    & Eos 66, 936 (1985).

  16. 16.

    & Eos 66, 936 (1985).

  17. 17.

    & Deep Sea Res. 23, 109–111 (1976).

  18. 18.

    Ocean Mgmt 1, 145–159 (1973).

  19. 19.

    & (convenors) Eos 55, 292–295 (1974).

  20. 20.

    , , & Nature 251, 301–302 (1974).

  21. 21.

    J. geol. Soc. Lond. 137, 385–402 (1980).

  22. 22.

    , , , & Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 87, 661–674 (1976).

  23. 23.

    , & J. geophys. Res. 79, 1207–1209 (1974).

  24. 24.

    & J. geophys. Res. 80, 3307–3314 (1975).

  25. 25.

    , & J. geophys. Res. 84, 7453–7466 (1979).

  26. 26.

    & Eos 63, 1103 (1982).

  27. 27.

    , & Chem. Geol. 49, 243–257 (1985).

  28. 28.

    , & Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 49, 39–44 (1980).

  29. 29.

    , & Mar. Geol. 51, 269–291 (1983).

  30. 30.

    , & Nature 281, 209–211 (1979).

  31. 31.

    et al. Science 203, 1073–1083 (1979).

  32. 32.

    Eos 66, 918 (1985).

  33. 33.

    , , & Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 48, 1–7 (1980).

  34. 34.

    , & Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 69, 159–175 (1984).

  35. 35.

    , , , & Nature 267, 600–603 (1977).

  36. 36.

    , & Eos 65, 973 (1984).

  37. 37.

    & Geochim. cosmochim. Acta 33, 227–245 (1969).

  38. 38.

    & Am. J. Sci. 283, 831–860 (1983).

  39. 39.

    & Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 16, 62–66 (1982).

  40. 40.

    , & Econ. Geol. 75th Anniv. Vol. 485–627 (1981).

  41. 41.

    & J. crustacean Biol. (in the press).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. NOAA/AOML, 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami Florida 33149, USA

    • P. A. Rona
    •  & T. A. Nelsen
  2. Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA

    • G. Klinkhammer
  3. Department of Oceanography and Ocean Engineering, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA

    • J. H. Trefry
  4. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0EZ, UK

    • H. Elderfield

Authors

  1. Search for P. A. Rona in:

  2. Search for G. Klinkhammer in:

  3. Search for T. A. Nelsen in:

  4. Search for J. H. Trefry in:

  5. Search for H. Elderfield in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/321033a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.