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Inflation and time asymmetry in the Universe

Abstract

The recently proposed inflationary Universe scenario1–4 explains several of the mysteries of modern cosmology. I argue here that it also provides a natural explanation for the origin of time asymmetry (‘time's arrow’) in the Universe. The new feature which inflation injects into this long-standing problem is the temporary dominance of the cosmological term in the gravitational field equations, which acts as a sort of repulsive gravity. This term generates huge quantities of energy and radiation (or matter) entropy, while drastically reducing the entropy density of the gravitational field. It thus establishes a large gap between the radiation entropy and the gravitational entropy, which gravity is now trying to close.

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Davies, P. Inflation and time asymmetry in the Universe. Nature 301, 398–400 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1038/301398a0

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