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The 1883 eruption of Krakatau

Abstract

The 1883 eruption of Krakatau was a modest ignimbrite-forming event. The deposits are primarily coarse-grained dacitic, non-welded ignimbrite. Large explosions produced pyroclastic flows that entered the sea, generating destructive tsunami. Grain-size studies of the ignimbrite suggest that these explosions were not driven by magma–seawater interaction. The total bulk volume of pyroclastic deposits, including co-ignimbrite ash, is estimated to be 18–21 km3.

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Self, S., Rampino, M. The 1883 eruption of Krakatau. Nature 294, 699–704 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1038/294699a0

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