A remarkably widely dispersed and crystal-rich volcanic ash-fall deposit is described, which resulted from immense explosions generated in the littoral zone in New Zealand where a major rhyolitic ignimbrite flowed into the sea. This partially explains what happens when large pyroclastic flows enter water.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Subscribe to this journal
Receive 51 print issues and online access
$199.00 per year
only $3.90 per issue
Rent or buy this article
Get just this article for as long as you need it
Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout
Healy, J., Vucetich, C. G. & Pullar, W. A. N.Z. Geol Sun. Bull. n.s. 73 (1964).
Vucetich, C. G. & Pullar, W. A. N.Z.Jl Geol. Geophys. 16, 745–780 (1973).
Vucetich, C. G. & Howorth, R. N.Z.Jl Geol. Geophys. 19, 51–69 (1976).
Howorth, R. N.Z.Jl Geol. Geophys. 18, 683–712 (1975).
Vucetich, C. G. & Pullar, W. A. N.Z. Jl Geol. Geophys. 12, 784–837 (1969).
Nairn, I. A. N.Z. Jl Geol. Geophys. 15, 251–261 (1972).
Thompson, B. N. N.Z.Jl Geol. Geophys. 11, 1189–1191 (1968).
Pullar, W. A. & Nairn, I. A. N.Z.Jl Geol. Geophys. 15, 446–450 (1972).
Sparks, R. S. J. & Walker, G. P. L. J. Volcan. geotherm. Res. 2, 329–341 (1977).
Walker, G. P. L. Contr. Miner. Petrol. 36, 135–146 (1972).
Wright, J. V. & Walker, G. P. L. Geology 5, 729–732 (1977).
Sparks, R. S. J., Self, S. & Walker, G. P. L. Geology 1, 115–118 (1973).
Walker, G. P. L., Self, S. & Froggatt, P. C. (in the press).
Kuno, H. et al. Jap. J. Geol. Geogr. 35, 223–238 (1964).
Walker, G. P. L. J. Volcan. Geotherm. Res. (in the press).
Booth, B., Croasdale, R. & Walker, G. P. L. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 288, 271–319 (1978).
Cole, J. W. & Stephenson, T. M. Publ. geol. Dept. Victoria Univ. Wellington, 1 (1972).
Topping, W. W. N.Z.Jl Geol. Geophys. 16, 397–423 (1973).
Thorarinsson, S. Bull. Volcan. 16, 1–44 (1953).
Fisher, R. V. Geol. Rdsch. 57, 837–864 (1968).
Verbeek, R. D. M. Krakatau (Batavia, 1885).
Stehn, C. E. Proc. 4th Pacif. Sci. Congr. 1–55 (1929).
Lirer, L., Pescatore, T., Booth, B. & Walker, G. P. L. Bull geol. Soc. Am. 84, 759–772 (1973).
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Walker, G. A volcanic ash generated by explosions where ignimbrite entered the sea. Nature 281, 642–646 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1038/281642a0
This article is cited by
Volcanic tsunami: a review of source mechanisms, past events and hazards in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea)
Natural Hazards (2014)
Subaqueous pyroclastic flows and ignimbrites: an assessment
Bulletin of Volcanology (1991)
Improvement of current efficiency in the cathodic formation of metal powders
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry (1985)
Bimodal grain size distribution and secondary thickening in air-fall ash layers
The 1883 eruption of Krakatau
By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.