Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

An 8,000-yr palaeoclimatic record of the ‘Double-Hale’ 45-yr solar cycle


A series of isostatically-emerged Holocene beach ridges on the east side of Hudson Bay have been precisely surveyed and dated back to 8,300 BP. They number 185 and show a nearly uniform rhythm of about 45 yr correlated here with the ‘Double-Hale’ solar magnetic cycle. (Time is in sidereal yr.) Longer correlations are suggested with eustatic sea-level curve and with planetary conjunction cycles. The coupling mechanism with terrestrial meteorological behaviour is believed to be by means of stratospheric generation of polar cirrus cloud and low-latitude ozone, affecting the planetary albedo.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Hillaire-Marcel, C. Cahiers de Géogr. Quebec (1976).

  2. Hillaire- Marcel, C. & Fairbridge, R. W. Geology 5 (in the press).

  3. Mangerud, J. & Gullikson, S. Quat. Res. 5, 263–273 (1975).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Okko, M. Ann. Acad. Sci. Fennicae A, III, 93, 5–59 (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Andrews, J. T. (ed.) Glacial Isostasy (Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Benchmarks, Stroudsburg, 1974).

  6. Fairbridge, R. W. Science 191, 353–359 (1976).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lawrence, D. B. Intn. Conf. Sea Ice, 1971, 101–111 (Nat. Res. Council, Reykjavik, 1972).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Wood, K. D. Nature 240, 91–93 (1972).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Willett, H. C. J. Met. 6, 34–50 (1949).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Schove, D. J. J. geophys. Res. 60, 127–146 (1955); J. Am. Orient. Soc. 87, 105 (1967).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Stacey, C. M. in Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Science (Reinhold, New York, 1967).

    Google Scholar 

  12. Fairbridge, R. W. (ed.) N. Y. Acad. Sci. Ann. 95, 1–740 (1961).

  13. Damon, P. E., Long, A. & Wallick, E. I. Proc. 8th Intn. Conf. Radiocarbon Dating Wellington (1972); Earth, planet. Sci. Lett. 20, 300 (1973).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Olson, I. U. (ed.) Radiocarbon Variations and Absolute Chronology (Almqvist & Wiksell, Stockholm, 1970).

  15. Bucha, V. Studia Geophys. Geod. (1976); also IGCP Project 73/1) 24 Report 3 (Bellingham-Prague, 1976).

  16. Geyh, M. A. & Streif, H. Symposium on Coastal Geodesy, Munich 599–611 (1970); Z. deutsch. Geol. Ges. 118, 351–360 (1969); Geol. Foren. Fohrh. 93, 679–692 (1971).

    Google Scholar 

  17. Olausson, E. & Svenonius, B. Boreas 2, 109 (1975).

    Google Scholar 

  18. Mörner, N. A. & Lanser, J. P. Nature phys. Sci. 251, 408–409.

  19. Fairbridge, R. W. Nature 265, 430–431 (1977).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Chappell, J. Quat. Res. 4, 429–440 (1974).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Kukla, G. J. Nature 253, 600–603 (1975).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Weertman, J. Nature 261, 17–20 (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Pettersson, O. Svenska Hydrogr. Biol. Komm., Skriften 5, (1914).

  24. Eddy, J. A. Science 192, 1189–1202 (1976).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Fairbridge, R. W. N. Y. Acad. Sci. Ann. 95, 542–579 (1961).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Lamb, H. H. The Changing Climate (Methuen, London, 1966).

    Google Scholar 

  27. Ladurie, E. L. Times of Feast, Times of Famine (Doubleday, New York, 1971).

    Google Scholar 

  28. Wendland, W. M. & Bryson, R. A. Quat. Res. 4, 9–24 (1974).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Gates, W. L. & Mintz, Y. (eds.) Understanding Climate Change (Natn. Acad. Sci., Washington, DC, 1975).

  30. Fairbridge, R. W. Phys. Chem. Earth 4, 99–185 (1961).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Fairbridge, R. W. Science 191, 353–359 (1976).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Johnson, S. J., Dansgaard, W., Clausen, H. B. & Langway, C. C. Nature 227, 482–483 (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Creer, K. M., Gross, D. L. & Lineback, J. A. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 87, 531–540 (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Dansgaard, W. et al. in The Late Cenozoic Ice Age 37–56 (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1971).

    Google Scholar 

  35. Fairbridge, R. W. Quat. Res. 6, (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Mörner, N. A. Sveriges Geol. Undersokn. C–640 (1969).

  37. Mörner, N. A. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 19, 63 (1976).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Tooley, M. J. Geogr. J. 140, 18 (1974).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Schofield, J. C. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 16, 359 (1973).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Denton, G. H. & Karlén, W. Quat. Res. 3, 155–205 (1973).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Patzelt, G. Colloque Internat. CNRS, no. 219 (Gif/Yvette).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fairbridge, R., Hillaire-Marcel, C. An 8,000-yr palaeoclimatic record of the ‘Double-Hale’ 45-yr solar cycle. Nature 268, 413–416 (1977).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing