Letter | Published:

Sex differences in imagery and reading

Naturevolume 253pages438440 (1975) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

STANDARD texts on differential psychology often discuss briefly the existence of sex differences in the ability to perform various cognitive tasks1–3. A rough generalisation is that females perform better than males on verbal tasks (for example, verbal fluency, articulation, spelling), whilst males are superior on visuospatial tasks (for example, maze learning or form-board tasks), although exceptions are plentiful. In view of the emphasis in contemporary cognitive psychology on the pervasiveness of verbal coding in a variety of cognitive tasks, and also current interest in such visuospatial abilities as visual imagery or mental rotation, it seems surprising that no attention has been paid to the possible existence of sex differences.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Anastasi, A., Differential Psychology (3rd ed.) (Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1958).

  2. 2

    Maccoby, E., (ed.) The Development of Sex Differences (Tavistock, 1967).

  3. 3

    Terman, L. M., and Tyler, L. E., Manual of Child Psychology (edit. by Carmichael, L.) (2nd ed.) (Wiley, New York and London, 1954).

  4. 4

    Gainer, W. L., Calif. J. educ. Res. 13, 9, (1962).

  5. 5

    Norman, R. D., J. Consult. Psych., 17, 411 (1953).

  6. 6

    De Soto, C., London, M., and Handel, S., J. Pers. Soc. Psych., 2, 513 (1965).

  7. 7

    Monty, R. A., Taub, H. A., and Laughery, K. R., J. exp. Psych., 69, 224 (1965).

  8. 8

    McGlone, J., and Kertesz, A., Cortex, 9, 313 (1973).

  9. 9

    Corcoran, D. W. J., Nature, 210, 658 (1966).

  10. 10

    Rubenstein, H., Lewis, S. S., and Rubenstein, N. A., J. verb. Learn verb. Behav., 10, 645 (1971).

  11. 11

    Buffery, A. W. H., and Gray, J. A., in Gender Differences (edit. by Ounsted, C., and Taylor, D. C.) (Churchill, 1972).

  12. 12

    Dawson, J. L. M., Internat. J. Psych., 2, 115 and 171 (1967).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Psychology, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, UK

    • MAX COLTHEART
    • , ELAINE HULL
    •  & DIANA SLATER

Authors

  1. Search for MAX COLTHEART in:

  2. Search for ELAINE HULL in:

  3. Search for DIANA SLATER in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Issue Date

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/253438a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.