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Biotechnical Methods Section (BTS)

Detection of secondary genetic aberrations in follicle center cell derived lymphomas: assessment of the reliability of comparative genomic hybridization and standard chromosome analysis

Abstract

Secondary chromosomal aberrations in follicle center cell derived lymphomas (FCDL) usually involve gains and losses of genetic material and may be an important prognostic value. In the present study, we aimed to determine the power of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) as compared to standard chromosome analysis (CA) to detect such secondary aberrations. The same lymph node cell suspensions prepared from 30 patients with FCDL were analyzed in parallel by CGH and CA based on R banding. In all, 73 discrepancies were found. Sixty-two imbalances were detected only by CA and 11 only by CGH. In cases with completely resolved karyotypes (n = 17), the median number of discrepancies between CGH and CA was one. However, when the karyotype was partially resolved (n = 12), the median was four (P < 0.01). discrepant results were further studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization using locus-specific probes. These data confirm, that not only for the detection of balanced aberrations, but also for the detection of unbalanced aberrations in FCDL, standard chromosome analysis is still the ‘gold standard’. In contrast, CGH is useful to detect chromosomal imbalances when no metaphases are found or no fresh material is available.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Grant Be1454/5–2), the Deutsche Krebshilfe (Grant M 47/95 Be I and Grant 10–1556 Schl4), the Interdisciplinary Center for Clinical Cancer Research of the University of Kiel and the Hermann and Lilly Schilling-Foundation. We would like to thank Maria Jose Calasanz for her critical review of the manuscript and helpful advice and A Borowski, A Schneider, F Kahlert for excellent technical assistance.

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Viardot, A., Martin-Subero, J., Siebert, R. et al. Detection of secondary genetic aberrations in follicle center cell derived lymphomas: assessment of the reliability of comparative genomic hybridization and standard chromosome analysis. Leukemia 15, 177–183 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2401969

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2401969

Keywords

  • follicle center lymphoma
  • comparative genomic hybridization
  • standard chromosome analysis

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