Classification of Acute Leukemias

Morphological subtyping of acute myeloid leukemia with maturation (AML-M2): homogeneous pink-colored cytoplasm of mature neutrophils is most characteristic of AML-M2 with t(8;21)

Abstract

Morphologic and cytochemical features of 30 acute myeloid leukemia subtype M2 (AML-M2) patients with t(8;21) were compared with those of 50 AML-M2 patients without t(8;21). It was disclosed that irregular nuclear shape, Auer bodies, and at least 90% myeloperoxidase positivity in blast cells, and pseudo-Pelger-Huët anomaly of the nuclei and homogeneous pink-colored cytoplasm of mature neutrophils were observed in 90–100% of the t(8;21)+ patients. The percentages of patients showing these features were significantly (P < 0.01) lower in the t(8;21) group. Among these morphological features, homogeneous pink-colored cytoplasm of mature neutrophils is most characteristic of t(8;21)+ AML-M2, because it was seen in 90% of the t(8;21)+ patients but in only 2% of the t(8;21) patients. Conversely, pale-colored cytoplasm without any granules in mature neutrophils or dyserythropoietic features was observed in 84% of the t(8;21) patients, but in none of the t(8;21)+ patients. These data suggest that it is possible to subtype AML-M2 patients morphologically by the recognition of homogeneous pink-colored or pale-colored cytoplasm of mature neutrophils and dyserythropoietic features. Thus, the morphologic subtyping of AML-M2 can be utilized alone or in combination with chromosomal or molecular subtyping for biological and clinical studies of AML with maturation.

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Nakamura, H., Kuriyama, K., Sadamori, N. et al. Morphological subtyping of acute myeloid leukemia with maturation (AML-M2): homogeneous pink-colored cytoplasm of mature neutrophils is most characteristic of AML-M2 with t(8;21). Leukemia 11, 651–655 (1997) doi:10.1038/sj.leu.2400618

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Keywords

  • AML subtype M2
  • t(8;21)
  • cell morphology

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