Article | Published:

Continental Drift and the Dispersal and Evolution of Organisms

Abstract

Plate tectonics offers a framework in which aspects of the evolution and dispersal of organisms can be understood.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Hess, H. H., in Petrological Studies: A Volume in Honor of A. F. Buddington (edit. by Engel, E. A. J., et al.), 599 (Geological Society of America, New York, 1962).

  2. 2

    McKenzie, D. P., and Parker, R. L., Nature, 216, 1276 (1967).

  3. 3

    Morgan, W. J., J. Geophys. Res., 73, 1959 (1968).

  4. 4

    Barazangi, M., and Dorman, J., Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer., 59, 369 (1969).

  5. 5

    Vine, F. J., and Matthews, D. H., Nature, 199, 947 (1963).

  6. 6

    Wilson, J. T., Nature, 207, 343 (1965).

  7. 7

    Pitman, W. C., Herron, E. M., and Heirtzler, J. R., J. Geophys. Res., 73, 2069 (1968).

  8. 8

    Dickson, G. O., Pitman, W. C., and Heirtzler, J. R., J. Geophys. Res., 73, 2087 (1968).

  9. 9

    Heirtzler, J. R., Dickson, G. O., Herron, E. M., Pitman, W. C., and Le Pichon, S., J. Geophys. Res., 73, 2119 (1968).

  10. 10

    Bullard, E. C., Everett, J. E., and Smith, A. G., Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., A, 258, 41 (1965).

  11. 11

    Le Pichon, X., J. Geophys. Res., 73, 3661 (1968).

  12. 12

    McKenzie, D. P., and Sclater, J. G., Geophys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc. (in the press).

  13. 13

    Pitman, W. C., Talwani, M., and Heirtzler, J. R., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 11, 195 (1971).

  14. 14

    Williams, C. A., and McKenzie, D. P., Nature, 232, 168 (1971).

  15. 15

    Pitman, W. C., and Talwani, M., J. Geophys. Res. (in the press).

  16. 16

    Simpson, G. G., Evolution, 15, 431 (1961).

  17. 17

    Simpson, G. G., Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia, Pars 47 (Junk, Berlin, 1930).

  18. 18

    Ride, W. D. L., J. Roy. Soc. W. Austral, 47, 97 (1964).

  19. 19

    Kirsch, J. A. W., Nature, 217, 418 (1968).

  20. 20

    The Fossil Record (edit. by Harland, W. B., et al.) (Geological Society, London, 1967).

  21. 21

    Berggren, W. A., Micropalaeontology, 15, 351 (1969).

  22. 22

    Harland, W. B., Smith, A. G., and Wilcock, B., Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond., 120, Suppl. (1964).

  23. 23

    Simpson, G. G., Amer. Scient., 38, 361 (1950).

  24. 24

    Florin, R., Acta Hort. Berg., 20, 1 (1963).

  25. 25

    Walker, E. P., Mammals of the World, 1 (Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, 1964).

  26. 26

    Sharman, G. B., Austral. J. Zool., 9, 38 (1961).

  27. 27

    Hayman, D. L., Kirsch, J. A. W., Martin, P. G., and Waller, P. F., Nature, 231, 194 (1971).

  28. 28

    Clemens, W. A., Evolution, 22, 1 (1968).

  29. 29

    Hopson, J. A., and Crompton, A. W., in Evolutionary Biology, (edit. by Hecht, M. K., and Steere, W. C.), 3, 15 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1969).

  30. 30

    Slaughter, B. H., Science, 162, 245 (1968).

  31. 31

    Russell, L. S., Bull. Nat. Mus. Canad., 126, 110 (1952).

  32. 32

    Clemens, W. A., Univ. Calif. Pub. Geol. Sci., 48, 1 (1966).

  33. 33

    Lillegraven, J. A., Univ. Kansas Palaeont. Cont., 50, 1 (1969).

  34. 34

    Paula Couto, C. de, Amer. Mus. Novit., 1959, 11 (1952).

  35. 35

    Simpson, G. G., Amer. Mus. Novit., 1118, 1 (1941).

  36. 36

    Cox, C. B., Nature, 226, 767 (1970).

  37. 37

    Dusén, P., Wissenschaftl. Ergebn. Schwed. Südpolarexped., 3, 3 (Stockholm, 1908).

  38. 38

    Cranwell, L. M., Nature, 184, 1782 (1959).

  39. 39

    Gill, E. D., Mem. Nat. Mus. Vict., 21, 135 (1957).

  40. 40

    Stirton, R. A., Tedford, R. H., and Miller, A. H., Rec. S. Austral. Mus., 14, 19 (1961).

  41. 41

    Weymss, C. T., Zoologica, 38, 173 (1952).

  42. 42

    Hughes, R. L., Austral. J. Zool., 13, 533 (1965).

  43. 43

    Biggers, J. D., and De Lamater, E. D., Nature, 208, 402 (1965).

  44. 44

    Vanzolini, P. E., and Guimarães, L. R., Evolution, 9, 345 (1955).

  45. 45

    Ride, W. D. L., in Evolution of Living Organisms (edit. by Leeper, C. W.), 281 (Melbourne University Press, 1962).

  46. 46

    Cox, C. B., paper read at Symposium on Organisms and Continents through Time (Cambridge, December 1971).

  47. 47

    Hawkes, J. G., and Smith, P., Nature, 207, 48 (1965).

  48. 48

    Good, R., The Geography of the Flowering Plants, third ed. (Longmans, Green, London, 1964).

  49. 49

    Cutler, D. F., Conference on Taxonomy and Phytogeography of the Flowering Plants in Relation to Evolution (Manchester, September 1971).

  50. 50

    Camp, W. H., Ecol. Monogr., 17, 160 (1947).

  51. 51

    Croizat, L., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 47 (1947).

  52. 52

    Scott, R. A., Barghoorn, E. S., and Leopold, E. B., Amer. J. Sci., 258 A, 284 (1960).

  53. 53

    Muller, J., Biol. Rev., 45, 417 (1970).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.