THERE has been widespread interest in thin films of metals and metalloids during the past decade because of their varied technological and fundamental scientific significance1–3. The mechanism of their formation is intimately associated with nucleation theory4 and epitaxy1 (the growth of a substance into a single crystal or well oriented polycrystalline form on a different substance as substrate); and their properties are relevant to the study of electrical, magneto-optical and catalytic phenomena1,5,6. On the physical side, much effort has been expended in assessing the influence of such factors as the symmetry, lattice spacing and temperature of the substrate in the growth of epitaxial films. On the chemical side, it has recently been recognized that, although evaporated films have greatly stimulated the study of heterogeneous catalysis, the crystallographic heterogeneity of misoriented polycrystalline or amorphous films complicates interpretation of adsorption phenomena, and makes comparison invidious with field ion and other studies which utilize single crystals.
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ROBBINS, K., THOMAS, J. Production of Epitaxial Films of Antimony on Disordered Substrates. Nature 217, 1251–1252 (1968). https://doi.org/10.1038/2171251a0
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