Letter | Published:

Vocalization-at-presentation, Auditory Presentation and Immediate Recall

Naturevolume 207pages10111012 (1965) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

PREVIOUS work1 has shown that if subjects performed increasing degrees of vocalization on a visually presented list of 8 consonants, recall of that list improved monotonically as vocalization level increased. Thus voiced lists were better recalled than whispered lists, whispered lists than mouthed lists and mouthed lists than silently perceived lists. The relative efficiency of voicing as regards its effect on recall was greatest for lists presented at fast rates (4 letters/sec); written recall was also found to be superior to spoken recall, although there appeared to be no significant interaction between vocalization level at presentation and the mode of recall (spoken against written).

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Murray, D. J., Quart. J. Exp. Psychol., 17, 47 (1965).

  2. 2

    Mowbray, G. H., and Gebhard, J. W., in Selected Papers on Human Factors in the Design and Use of Control Systems, edit. by Sinaiko, H. W. (Dover Publications Inc., 1961).

  3. 3

    Day, W. F., and Beach, B. R., Air Material Command, U.S.A.F. Tech. Rep. No. 5921 (1950).

  4. 4

    Buschke, H., Nature, 195, 101 (1962).

  5. 5

    Henmon, V. A. C., Psychol. Rev., 19, 79 (1912).

  6. 6

    Woodworth, R. A., and Schlosberg, H., Experimental Psychology (Methuen, 1955).

  7. 7

    Edwards, A. L., Experimental Design in Psychological Research (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario

    • D. J. MURRAY

Authors

  1. Search for D. J. MURRAY in:

About this article

Publication history

Issue Date

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/2071011a0

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.