IN Britain, Plantago lanceolata is regarded as windpollinated1 and is figured by McLean and Ivimey-Cook2 as a typical example of a long-filament-type wind-pollinated species. It was therefore of interest to observe that around Brisbane this long-filament form is regularly worked for pollen by the honey bee wherever a dozen or so spikes are flowering within a few feet of each other.
Clapham, A. R., et al., Flora of the British Isles (Camb. Univ. Press, 1957).
McLean, R. C., and Ivimey-Cook, W. R., Textbook of Theoretical Botany, 2, 1289, 1281 (London, 1956).
Hyde, H. A., and Williams, D. A., New Phyt., 42 (2), 271 (1946).
Darwin, C., The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the same Species (London, 1877).
Harms, H., and Reiche, C., Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien (Plantaginaceae), 4 (3) G, 363 (1895).
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CLIFFORD, H. Insect Pollination of Plantago lanceolata L.. Nature 193, 196 (1962). https://doi.org/10.1038/193196a0
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