Thermo-electric Phenomena in Electrodialysis Systems


ALTHOUGH several authors, notably Staverman1 and Spiegler2, have applied the methods of the thermodynamics of the steady-state to the treatment of electrodialysis processes, little or no attention has been given to the possible existence of heat fluxes in electrodialysis experiments. Of course, very useful relationships can be obtained between the flow of charge and the flow of matter through an appropriate treatment of an isothermal experiment, but we cannot say that we have described the system unless we consider the possibility of heat flows induced by these transport processes.

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  1. 1

    Staverman, Trans. Farad. Soc., 48, 176 (1952).

  2. 2

    Spiegler, Trans. Farad. Soc., 54, 1408 (1958).

  3. 3

    Callen, Phys. Rev., 73, 1349 (1948).

  4. 4

    deBethune, J. Electrochem. Soc., 107, 829 (1960).

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SHAFFER, L. Thermo-electric Phenomena in Electrodialysis Systems. Nature 191, 591–592 (1961).

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