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Apparent Recession of Nebulæ and the Nature of Radio Stars

Naturevolume 191pages480481 (1961) | Download Citation



IN a recent communication1m, a brief summary was given of the quantitative evidence in favour of the whirl theory of light and matter, according to which the whole physical universe is the manifestation of Maxwell's electromagnetic waves, wherein the fundamental particles of matter are represented as integral solutions of Maxwell's equations in vacuo, in cylindrical co-ordinates, extended from a low limit of the variable parameter of the integrant solution to infinity (the ‘compound whirl’), while the photons are represented by the same kind of solution but with a finite upper limit (the ‘fragment’). The system of electromagnetic waves represented by the integrant solution was called the ‘simple whirl’1b,1j. The energy of a fully realized compound whirl is finite, notwithstanding its infinite extension in space, and therefore the fundamental particles of matter are stable1b,1j. On the other hand, the total energy of a fully realized fragment would be infinite and therefore it can only be partially realized at the emission and then spread transversally asymptotically tending to its full realization and, at the same time, it must move in the axial direction asymptotically (though with great rapidity) tending to the theoretical ‘Velocity of light’1j. Thus the photon can be regarded as a fragment of a fundamental particle of matter. Its emission, however, does not affect the stability of the emitting fundamental particle, because the upper limit of the integral solution that represents it remains infinite after the emission and only the lower limit becomes slightly higher; its total energy remains finite. The quantum relationship at the emission is determined by Maxwell's electrodynamics1j,f-l,a.

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  1. 1

    Japolsky, N. S., a, Phil. Mag., 19, 934 (1931); b, 20, 641 (1935); c, 30, 641 (1935); d, 22, 537 (1936); e, 22, 1003 (1936); f, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India, 9 (4), 213 (1939); 10 (1), 19 (1940); g, Nature, 137, 582 (1936); h, 154, 20 (1944); i, 159, 580 (1947); j, Pakistan J. Sci. Res., 111 (Oct. 1949); k, 1 (Jan. 1950); l, Bull. Soc. Belge de Phys. (Jan. 1958); m, Nature, 189, 651 (1961).

  2. 2

    Eddington, Sir Arthur, The Expanding Universe, 67 (1933).

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  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, King's College, London, W.C.2

    • N. S. JAPOLSKY


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