Letter | Published:

Compressibility and Specific Evaporation Resistance of the Monolayers of Long-Chain Alcohols and Glycol Monoalkyl Ethers

Naturevolume 191pages378379 (1961) | Download Citation



THE monolayers of long-chain compounds such as cetyl and stearyl alcohols are being used extensively to minimize the loss of water by evaporation in reserviors1. Permeability of water vapour through a monolayer depends on, among others, the magnitude of the van der Waals type of cohesive forces of the film molecule with its neighbours, and on the adhesive force between the monolayer and the water subphase. Further extension of the n-alkyl chain and/or suitable modification of the terminal polar group would, therefore, make a monolayer more effective in reducing evaporation.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    a, Mansfield, W. W., Nature, 175, 247 (1955). b, Mansfield, W. W., 172, 1101 (1953). c, Mansfield, W. W., Austral. J. App. Sci., 9 (3), 245 (1958).

  2. 2

    a, Deo, A. V., et al., Nature, 187, 870 (1960). b, Kulkarni, S. B., et al., (i) Ind. Pat. No. 70670 (1960); (ii) Australian Pat. No. 63866 (1960) and also U.S. Patent No. 62522 (1960).

  3. 3

    Cary, A., and Rideal, E. K., Proc. Roy. Soc., A, 109, 318 (1925).

  4. 4

    Nutting, G. C., and Harkins, W. D., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 61, 1180 (1939).

  5. 5

    a, Langmuir, I., and Schaefer, V. J., J. Franklin Inst., 235, 119 (1943). b, Archer, R. J., and La Mer, V. K., J. Phys. Chem., 59, 200 (1955).

  6. 6

    La Mer, V. K., and Barnes, G. T., Proc. U.S. Nat. Acad. Sci., 45 (8), 1274 (1959).

  7. 7

    Rosano, H. L., and La Mer, V. K., J. Phys. Chem., 60, 348 (1956).

Download references

Author information


  1. National Chemical Laboratory, Poona, 8

    • A. V. DEO
    • , S. B. KULKARNI
    • , M. K. GHARPUREY
    •  & A. B. BISWAS


  1. Search for A. V. DEO in:

  2. Search for S. B. KULKARNI in:

  3. Search for M. K. GHARPUREY in:

  4. Search for A. B. BISWAS in:

About this article

Publication history

Issue Date




By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.