Letter | Published:

Kirkendall Effect in Gases

Naturevolume 191page375 (1961) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

AN experiment has been described1 in which the motion of fine particles of ammonium chloride smoke in a diffusing gas mixture was considered evidence for a Kirkendall effect in gases. Only a rough semiquantitative interpretation could be given at the time in terms of the usual phenomenological theory of the Kirkendall effect. Subsequent theoretical and experimental work2,3 on gaseous diffusion has shown that the phenomenological theory cannot be correct for gases, but that the classical kinetic theory of gases is capable of accounting for the phenomenon quantitatively. We wish to point out that it is now possible to give a quantitative interpretation to the previous measurements.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Miller, L., and Carman, P. C., Nature, 186, 549 (1960).

  2. 2

    McCarty, K. P., and Mason, E. A., Phys. Fluids, 3, 908 (1960).

  3. 3

    Miller, L., and Carman, P. C., Trans. Farad. Soc. (to be published).

  4. 4

    Waldmann, L., Z. Naturf., 14, a, 589 (1959).

  5. 5

    Schmitt, K. H., Z. Naturf., 14, a, 870 (1959).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Institute for Molecular Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Md

    • E. A. MASON
  2. National Chemical Research Laboratory, South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria

    • L. MILLER
    •  & P. C. CARMAN

Authors

  1. Search for E. A. MASON in:

  2. Search for L. MILLER in:

  3. Search for P. C. CARMAN in:

About this article

Publication history

Issue Date

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/191375a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.