Taxonomic position of Arthrobacter

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IT has long been recognized that a considerable number of different types of Gram-positive, non-sporing bacilli of irregular morphology occur in soil, and their relationship to the Corynebacteria has been much discussed. One solution to the problem has been to widen the scope of Corynebacterium to include all such bacilli, but it is now generally felt1 that this would place together in one genus very dissimilar organisms and create more problems than it would solve. Conn and Dimmick2 proposed that at least one group of these soil organisms, the morphology of which shows some resemblances to Corynebacteria should be placed in a separate genus, for which they proposed to revive the old name Arthrobacter. The type species suggested by Conn and Dimmick was Arthrobacter globiformis, originally described by Conn3 as Bacterium globiforme.

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  1. 1

    Clark, F. E., Int. Bull. Bact. Nomen. and Taxon., 2, 45 (1952).

  2. 2

    Conn, H. J., and Dimmick, I., J. Bact., 54, 291 (1947).

  3. 3

    Conn, H. J., N.Y. State Agri. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull., 138 (1928) (quoted by Conn & Dimmick, 1947).

  4. 4

    Cummins, C. S., and Harris, H., J. Gen. Microbiol., 15, 583 (1956).

  5. 4a

    Cummins, C. S., and Harris, H., J. Gen. Microbiol., 18, 173 (1958).

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    “Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology”. Seventh Edition. Ed. R. S. Breed, E. G. D. Murray, N. R. Smith (Baillière, Tindall & Cox, London, 1957).

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    Salton, M. R. J., Bact. Rev., 21, 82 (1957).

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    Brumfitt, W., Wardlaw, A. C., and Park, J. T., Nature, 181, 1783 (1958).

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CUMMINS, C., HARRIS, H. Taxonomic position of Arthrobacter . Nature 184, 831–832 (1959) doi:10.1038/184831a0

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