Effect of Plastic Deformation on the Electrical Resistivity of Chromium


THE presence of a transition in the electrical resistivity and temperature coefficient of resistance of chromium in the region of 40° C. has been reported by several investigators1. In studying the influence of plastic deformation (at 150° C.) on high-purity chromium an anomaly has been found, in that below the transition temperature the deformed material had a lower resistivity than the annealed. Curves of resistivity versus temperature are shown in Fig. 1, together with the respective temperature coefficients of resistance. No hysteresis was observed in these measurements. A positive deviation in the temperature coefficient of resistance of the deformed material is observed both below and above the transition temperature. A minimum in the curve of resistivity versus temperature for the annealed material (Fig. 1) occurs at 41° C. and is in close agreement with other workers. Particulars of the specimen material are recorded in Table 1. As shown in Fig. 2, a change in the sign occurs, from negative to positive, in the value of Δρ (the difference in resistivity between the deformed and the annealed material) on increasing temperature through the transition region, namely, −40° C. to + 40° C.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Bridgman, P. W., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci., 68, 27 (1933). Potter, H. H., Proc. Phys. Soc., 53, 695 (1941). Fine, M. E., Greiner, E. S., and Ellis, W. C., J. Metals, 191, 56 (1951). Sully, A. H., Brandes, E. A., and Mitchell, K. W., J. Inst. Met., 81, 585 (1953).

  2. 2

    Sully, A. H., “Chromium”, 63 (Butterworths, London, 1954).

  3. 3

    McGuire, T. R., and Kriessman, C. J., Phys. Rev., 85, 452 (1952).

  4. 4

    Powell, R. W., and Tye, R. P., J. Inst. Met., 85, 185 (1957).

  5. 5

    Thomas, J. L., J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 13, 681 (1934).

  6. 6

    Linde, J. O., App. Sci. Res., Hague, B, 4, 73 (1954).

  7. 7

    Linde, J. O., Ark. Mat. Astro. Fys., A, 36, Paper No. 10 (1948).

  8. 8

    Kronqvist, E., Ark. Mat. Astro. Fys., B, 34, Paper No. 7 (1947).

  9. 9

    Lingelbach, R., Z. Phys. Chem., 5, 273 (1955).

  10. 10

    Shull, C. G., and Wilkinson, M. K., Rev. Mod. Phys., 25, 100 (1953).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

DE MORTON, M. Effect of Plastic Deformation on the Electrical Resistivity of Chromium. Nature 181, 477–478 (1958). https://doi.org/10.1038/181477c0

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.