Letter | Published:

Escape Responses of Herbivorous Gastropods when stimulated by Carnivorous Gastropods

Abstract

BULLOCK1 reported that many Californian Gastropoda respond to being touched by tube feet of starfish by crawling rapidly away from the starfish. He also showed that the response differs in details between genera, and between species of a genus; and that some species do not respond at all, or only occasionally. In some species of Acmaea, and in Haliotis cracherodii Leach ‘mushrooming’ (raising of the shell well clear of the substratum on the fleshy stalk of the visceral hump) accompanied by lateral swinging of the shell occurred before the animals crawled away; in others, notably the trochid Tegula, the animals merely glided rapidly away from the source of stimulation.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Bullock, T. H., Behaviour, 5, 130 (1953).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.