Near-Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis

Abstract

DURING intermittent investigations of encephalitis of horses and donkeys in Egypt and Syria, spread over the past six years, we have isolated from infected equines and other hosts twenty-three strains of virus which, in respect of pathogenicity for laboratory animals and other characters so far determined, are indistinguishable. The equine disease, which is apparently carried by arthropods, conforms broadly to earlier descriptions of equine encephalomyelitis in the Middle East1–3; and, recently, we have recognized three outbreaks of encephalitis in sheep and one in cattle from each of which strains of virus, indistinguishable at this stage from the equine strains, have been isolated.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Shirlaw, J. F., J. R.A.V.C., 2, 40 and 75 (1940).

  2. 2

    Pattison, I. H., J. Comp. Path. and Therap., 55, 109 (1945).

  3. 3

    Razza, F., and Carusillo, G., Revist. Med. Vet. Zootech., Parma, 1, 331 (1949).

  4. 4

    Beller, K., and Bieling, R., “Viruskrankheiten”, Part 2, 175 (Leipzig, 1950).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

DAUBNEY, R., MAHLAU, E. Near-Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis. Nature 179, 584–585 (1957) doi:10.1038/179584a0

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.