The Major Anthocyanin Pigments of the Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)


ALTHOUGH it has been definitely established that cultivated strawberries contain pelargonidin-3-monoglucoside as the major anthocyanin1,2 and cyanidin-3-monoglucoside as a minor component3, there is still some question about the identity of the pigments of Fragaria vesca. As a result of qualitative tests, Robinson4 suggested in 1934 that the anthocyanin of F. vesca is pelargonidin-3-monogalactoside. In a more recent paper, Robinson and Smith2 described a chromatographic procedure for distinguishing pelargonidin-3-monoglucoside and the galactoside, but left the identity of the anthocyanins of wild strawberries as an open question.

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    Sondheimer, E., and Kertesz, Z. I., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 70, 3476 (1948).

  2. 2

    Robinson, R., and Smith, H., Nature, 175, 634 (1955).

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    Lukton, A., Chichester, C. O., and Mackinney, G., Nature, 176, 790 (1955).

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    Robinson, R., Ber, 67A, 98 (1934).

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    Li, K. C., and Wagenknecht, A. C., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 78, 979 (1956).

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    Bate-Smith, E. C., and Westall, R. G., Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 4, 427 (1950).

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    Partridge, S. M., Biochem. J., 42, 238 (1948).

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