The Major Anthocyanin Pigments of the Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)

Abstract

ALTHOUGH it has been definitely established that cultivated strawberries contain pelargonidin-3-monoglucoside as the major anthocyanin1,2 and cyanidin-3-monoglucoside as a minor component3, there is still some question about the identity of the pigments of Fragaria vesca. As a result of qualitative tests, Robinson4 suggested in 1934 that the anthocyanin of F. vesca is pelargonidin-3-monogalactoside. In a more recent paper, Robinson and Smith2 described a chromatographic procedure for distinguishing pelargonidin-3-monoglucoside and the galactoside, but left the identity of the anthocyanins of wild strawberries as an open question.

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References

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    Robinson, R., and Smith, H., Nature, 175, 634 (1955).

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    Robinson, R., Ber, 67A, 98 (1934).

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