Alchemy and Alchemists

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    For a detailed alchemical interpretation of Dürer's “Melencolia” see “The Alchemist in Life, Literature and Art”, 57–62 (London and Edinburgh, 1947).

  2. 2

    Op. cit., pp. 8–9.

  3. 3

    A detailed account of Seton, and of his rescuer and successor, Sendivogius, is given in “Humour and Humanism in Chemistry”, 37–65 (London, 1947). The same work also deals fully with James IV and Damian (pp. 16–36).

  4. 4

    Alchemical paintings by artists of the Low Countries and others are reproduced in the work mentioned under (1) above.

  5. 5

    Some of Maier's alchemical music is reproduced in “Prelude to Chemistry” (London, 1936; 2nd edit., 1939; and New York, 1937).

Download references

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

READ, J. Alchemy and Alchemists. Nature 168, 759–762 (1951).

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.